In the past couples of decades over 80% of countries have reformed waterClimate change is expected to exacerbate current stresses on water resources from population growth and economic and land-use change, including urbanisation. On a regional scale, mountain snow pack, glaciers and small ice caps play a crucial role in freshwater availability. Widespread mass ... laws – mainly as a response to expanding populations, urbanization and climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ....

While some of these measures were quite successful, global process has been rather slow when it comes to drinking waterDrinking water quality has a micro-biological and a physico-chemical dimension. There are thousands of parameters of water quality. In public water supply systems water should, at a minimum, be disinfected—most commonly through the use of chlorination or the use of ultra violet light—or it ... access, human healthThe health status of millions of people is projected to be affected through, for example, increases in malnutrition; increased deaths, diseases and injury due to extreme weather events; increased burden of diarrhoeal diseases; increased frequency of cardio-respiratory diseases due to higher ... and water efficiency in agricultureCultivation of the ground and harvesting of crops and handling of livestock, the primary function is the provision of food and feed..

A UN survey originally produced for informed decision-making at and since RIO+20 covers the efforts of over 130 national governments and their efforts to improve the sustainable management of water resourcesClimate change is expected to exacerbate current stresses on water resources from population growth and economic and land-use change, including urbanisation. On a regional scale, mountain snow pack, glaciers and small ice caps play a crucial role in freshwater availability. Widespread mass .... The focus of this survey is on approachesCore to livelihoods approaches are a set of principles that underpin best practice in any development intervention: *People-centred *Responsive and participatory *Multi-level *Conducted in partnership * Sustainable *Dynamic to the management and use of water, known as Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).waterdrop.gif

The survey’s  findings include:

  • Water-related risks and the competition for water resources are perceived by a majority of countries to have increased over the past 20 years;
  • Domestic water supplyWater supply is the provision of water by public utilities, commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes. is ranked by most countries as the highest priority for water resources management;
  • The majority of countries reported an increasing trend in financingOften banks lack knowledge about which projects are sensible and sustainable quality criteria. for water resources development, although obstacles to implementing reforms remain;
  • Progress on water efficiencyUsing less energy/electricity to perform the same function. Programs designed to use electricity more efficiently - doing the same with less. is lagging behind other water management reforms, with less than 50 percent of national reforms addressing water efficiency.

What becomes clear is that the introduction of IWRM on a national level varies greatly across the globe – from early planning stages to concrete implementation of new laws and policies.

Additionally to the report, there is also an interactive map showcasing the results of the survey. This simple but powerful tool allows you to explore the data by creating maps, histograms and bar charts, and comparing questions in scatterplots. It includes the status of IWRM plans, infrastructure, and financing in countries and regions.water.gif

Both, the report and the interactive map, support governments and decision-makers with their ways to deal with water management in the future. REEEP has also recognized the importance of water in regard to energy and sees this area as a vital subject for future calls and interventionsProject is an intervention designed to achieve specific objectives within specified resources and implementation schedules, often within the framework of a broader program. (Glossary Monitoring and Evaluation Terms; MERG Monitoring & Evaluation Reference Group and UNAIDS).

“The sustainable management and use of water – due to its vital role in food securityFood security is a condition related to the ongoing availability of food. Concerns over food security have existed throughout history. There is evidence of granaries being in use over 10,000 years ago, with central authorities in civilizations including Ancient China and Ancient Egypt being ..., energy or supporting valuable ecosystem servicesHumankind benefits in a multitude of ways from ecosystems. Collectively, these benefits are known as ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are regularly involved in the provisioning of clean drinking water and the decomposition of wastes. While scientists and environmentalists have discussed ... – underpins the transition to a low-carbon, resource efficient green economyA green economy is a economy or economic development model based on sustainable development and a knowledge of ecological economics,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner.

 

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