In the past couples of decades over 80% of countries have reformed water laws – mainly as a response to expanding populations, urbanization and climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ....

While some of these measures were quite successful, global process has been rather slow when it comes to drinking water access, human health and water efficiency in agricultureCultivation of the ground and harvesting of crops and handling of livestock, the primary function is the provision of food and feed..

A UN survey originally produced for informed decision-making at and since RIO+20 covers the efforts of over 130 national governments and their efforts to improve the sustainable management of water resources. The focus of this survey is on approachesCore to livelihoods approaches are a set of principles that underpin best practice in any development intervention: *People-centred *Responsive and participatory *Multi-level *Conducted in partnership * Sustainable *Dynamic to the management and use of water, known as Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).waterdrop.gif

The survey’s  findings include:

  • Water-related risks and the competition for water resources are perceived by a majority of countries to have increased over the past 20 years;
  • Domestic water supply is ranked by most countries as the highest priority for water resources management;
  • The majority of countries reported an increasing trend in financing for water resources development, although obstacles to implementing reforms remain;
  • Progress on water efficiencyUsing less energy/electricity to perform the same function. Programs designed to use electricity more efficiently - doing the same with less. is lagging behind other water management reforms, with less than 50 percent of national reforms addressing water efficiency.

What becomes clear is that the introduction of IWRM on a national level varies greatly across the globe – from early planning stages to concrete implementation of new laws and policies.

Additionally to the report, there is also an interactive map showcasing the results of the survey. This simple but powerful tool allows you to explore the data by creating maps, histograms and bar charts, and comparing questions in scatterplots. It includes the status of IWRM plans, infrastructure, and financing in countries and regions.water.gif

Both, the report and the interactive map, support governments and decision-makers with their ways to deal with water management in the future. REEEP has also recognized the importance of water in regard to energy and sees this area as a vital subject for future calls and interventions.

“The sustainable management and use of water – due to its vital role in food securityA situation that exists when people have secure access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food for normal growth, development and an active and healthy life. Food insecurity may be caused by the unavailability of food, insufficient purchasing power, inappropriate distribution, or ..., energy or supporting valuable ecosystemA system of living organisms interacting with each other and their physical environment. The boundaries of what could be called an ecosystem are somewhat arbitrary, depending on the focus of interest or study. Thus, the extent of an ecosystem may range from very small spatial scales to, ... services – underpins the transition to a low-carbon, resource efficient green economyA green economy is a economy or economic development model based on sustainable development and a knowledge of ecological economics,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner.

 

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