So here is our final update on COP in Durban

Really, the Kyoto ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in 1997 in Kyoto, Japan, at the Third Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC. It contains legally binding commitments, in addition to those included in the UNFCCC. Countries ... has been slayed after Canada, Japan, Russia and  the US declared no interest in continuing the treaty with mandatory emission targets (or even start with the process, in the case of the US).

But there is a lifeline for Kyoto, in shape of a European Union’ 27 states’  commitment which will be formally approved by national governments next year.

Launching the Green Climate Fund will open up new resources to support projectsProject is an intervention designed to achieve specific objectives within specified resources and implementation schedules, often within the framework of a broader program. (Glossary Monitoring and Evaluation Terms; MERG Monitoring & Evaluation Reference Group and UNAIDS), programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties. But the biggest so-called success of COP 2011 was a roadmapA roadmap is a plan that matches short-term and long-term goals with specific technology solutions to help meet those goals. It is a plan that applies to a new product or process, or to an emerging technology Developing a roadmap has three major uses. It helps reach a consensus about a set of ... which, if approved as scheduled in 2015, will be operational from 2020 (!) and become the prime weapon in our struggle against climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or .... And until then? Well there is said European bridging mechanism.co2.gif


“I think in the end it ended up quite well,” said US chief negotiator Todd Stern.

The European Union hailed the outcome as a “historic breakthrough”

UNFCCCThe United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international environmental treaty that resulted from the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. Their aim is to limit GHG emissions to levels that will not threaten the environment and livleyhoods. chief Christiana Figueres was exultant, she said on Twitter: “In honour of Mandela: It always seems impossible until it is done. And it is done!

Greenpeace has a somewhat different opinion of the result and said “the deal was too porous and could spell climate disaster.”

Greenpeace director Kumi Naidoo said: “The grim news is that the blockers led by the US have succeeded in inserting a vital get-out clause that could easily prevent the next big climate deal being legally binding. If that loophole is exploited it could be a disaster.factory.gif

China and India are huge emitters of CO2Carbon dioxide (CO2) is emitted in several ways. Naturally through the carbon cycle and through human activities like the burning of fossil fuels. These human activities have increased CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere since the beginning of the industrial revolution and these high ... but do not have Kyoto constraints as they are developing countries.

The United States already refused to ratify Kyoto in the original version.

In order to deal with the opposition of the Big Three a rather vague text about was drawn up for the pact.

That compromise has had to let go of the term “legally binding“, which would  likely trigger a backlash among the conservative right in the United States during a presidential election year.

We are now officially (scientifically) on track for a 3.5 C (6.3 F) rise, spelling worsening droughtsA period of abnormally dry weather long enough to cause a serious hydrological imbalance. Drought is a relative term, therefore any discussion in terms of precipitation deficit must refer to the particular precipitation-related activity that is under discussion. For example, shortage of ..., floodsThe overflowing of the normal confines of a stream or other body of water, or the accumulation of water over areas that are not normally submerged. Floods include river (fluvial) floods, flash floods, urban floods, pluvial floods, sewer floods, coastal floods, and glacial lake outburst floods ..., storms and rising sea levelsSea level can change, both globally and locally, due to (i) changes in the shape of the ocean basins, (ii) changes in the total mass of water and (iii) changes in water density. Factors leading to sea level rise under global warming include both increases in the total mass of water from the ... for tens of millions of people.


For more infomation see previous blogs on COPConference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 17  dealing with intellectual property rights and technology transfer and general expectations.

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