While counties across the world are dithering about climate mitigationMitigation refers to actions that reduce our contribution to the causes of climate change. This means reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), through energy efficiency and using alternative forms of transport and energy.(UKCIP), India is getting ready to launch its Solar Mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change.

At the moment, India produces less than 5 MW of solar power a year. Under the National Action Plan on Climate ChangeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ..., India aims to generate 1.000 MW by 2013, and if that goes well, increase capacities to an annual production of 20.000 MW by 2020.sun.gif

According to the Times of India, the mission will be segmented into three phases. The first three-year phase will be evaluated and on that basis financial mechanisms for the next phases are to be decided.

During phase 1 (2010-2013) the government is proposing to cover an area of 7 million square meters with solar collectorsA solar collector gathers and stores the sun's energy via a network of pipes through which water or anti-freeze is heated. Flat plate collectors are the most common type; they consist of copper tubes fitted to a flat absorber plate. Evacuated tube collectors are more efficient, working best in ....  The promotion of roof-top panels through generation based incentive for self-use as well as putting the power on to the gridA grid is a network of transmission lines, usually to distribute electric power . is also intended.
India’s Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, explains his guidelines for India’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM):

  • Making India’s economy energy efficient
  • Pioneering a graduated shift from economic activity based on fossil fuels to one based on non-fossil fuelsEnergy from fossil sources, such as natural gas and oil. This type of energy contributes to climate change and because of its finite nature it is not a permanent resource.
  • Shifting reliance on no-renewable and depleting sources of energy to renewable source of energy
  • Pooling scientific, technical and managerial talents, with sufficient financial resources, to develop solar energyPhotovoltaics (PV) is the field of technology and research related to the application of solar cells for energy by converting sunlight directly into electricity. Solar power is sometimes used as a synonym to refer to electricity generated from solar radiation. as a source of abundant energy to power the economy and to transform the lives of Indian people
  • In effect enable India to help change the destinies of people around the worldlightbulb.gif

Another interesting point is the fact that it has been decided that instead of the large direct subsidy to solar powerPhotovoltaics (PV) is the field of technology and research related to the application of solar cells for energy by converting sunlight directly into electricity. Solar power is sometimes used as a synonym to refer to electricity generated from solar radiation. producers suggested earlier, solar power production and sale will be integrated into existing power purchase mechanisms.
NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Limited (NVVN) shall in the first phase be made the nodal agency to buy solar power from producers at the rate recently established by Central Electricty Regulatory Commission. Sold to state utilities, it would be credited against the compulsory renewable energy purchase targets set up by the respective state electricityElectricity generation includes all technologies that turn some form of energy into useful electric energy. Electricity is a form of energy that has magnetic, radiant and chemical effects. Electric current is created by a flow of electrons. regulatory commission. Specific targets for solar power are yet to be decided.

Another barrier is to be eased by plans to do away with customs and excise duty on import of capital equipment as well as ease the duty rates for raw material and inputs.
Furthermore 1.000 engineers are to be trained specializing in the field of photovoltaic, and scholarships will enable 100 engineers to study abroad during phase 1 of India’s solar mission. Appropriate courses are to be set up at engineering institutes.photovoltaic.gif

It is intended that by the end of the final phase in 2022, 20.000 MW of grid-based solar power, 2,000 MW of off-grid solar powerA stand-alone photovoltaic system works without a connection to the public grid and supplies locally connected loads.Off Grid Photovoltaic Systems are not tied to the grid as a secondary power source. and coverage of 20 million square meters with collectorsA solar collector gathers and stores the sun's energy via a network of pipes through which water or anti-freeze is heated. Flat plate collectors are the most common type; they consist of copper tubes fitted to a flat absorber plate. Evacuated tube collectors are more efficient, working best in ... will be achieved through India’s Solar mission.

Enhanced by Zemanta