reegle Blog

Weblog of reegle – Information Gateway for Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency

The COP20 closed its doors today for good, paving the way for Paris 2015. Negotiators and climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ... activists are returning to their homes to carry on the decisions made at in Lima. In the meantime, PowerMundo, one of our project partners, is chasing the ambitious goal to provide sustainable lighting to the most rural, and remote off-grid areas of Peru. While at the COP REEEP’s Director General, Martin Hiller, visited with PowerMundo the outskirts of Lima to see the effects and benefits they bring to these people.

Read more

No tags for this post.

REEEP (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership) together with the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), the operational arm of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recently launched the Climate Tagger”. The tool automatically scans, labelsLabels help consumers make choices in regard to the climate impacts of the products they buy.Clear, easy-to-understand labeling of household applications such as washing machines and other goods is thought to empower consumers to choose low carbon products. This regards the production of a ..., sorts and catalogues data and document collections, which help knowledge-driven organizations that address climate and development challenges, streamline sources of information and associate with the wider climate knowledgeClimate is typically defined as the average weather (or more rigorously a statistical description of the average in terms of the mean and variability) over a period of time, usually 30 years. These quantities are most often surface variables such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. Climate ... community.

Read more

No tags for this post.

REEEP (Renewable EnergyRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. and Energy EfficiencyUsing less energy/electricity to perform the same function. Programs designed to use electricity more efficiently - doing the same with less. Partnership) has joined forces with the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), the operational arm of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate ChangeThe United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international environmental treaty that resulted from the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. Their aim is to limit GHG emissions to levels that will not threaten the environment and livleyhoods. (UNFCCCThe United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international environmental treaty that resulted from the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. Their aim is to limit GHG emissions to levels that will not threaten the environment and livleyhoods.) Technology MechanismA Technology Mechanism, under the guidance of and accountable to the Conference of the Parties (COP), was established by the 16th session of the COP in Cancun from 29 November to 10 December 2010. The Technology Mechanism is expected to facilitate the implementation of enhanced action on ..., to launch the Climate Tagger. This new tool, which automatically scans, labelsLabels help consumers make choices in regard to the climate impacts of the products they buy.Clear, easy-to-understand labeling of household applications such as washing machines and other goods is thought to empower consumers to choose low carbon products. This regards the production of a ..., sorts and catalogues data and document collections, will help knowledge-driven organizations in the climate and development arenas streamline their information resources, and connect them to the wider climate knowledgeClimate is typically defined as the average weather (or more rigorously a statistical description of the average in terms of the mean and variability) over a period of time, usually 30 years. These quantities are most often surface variables such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. Climate ... community. It is part of a set of “shared tools” of the “Climate Knowledge Brokers Group” – an emerging alliance of around 50 of the leading global, regional and national knowledge brokers specialising in climate and development information.

Climate Tagger is the result of a shared commitment to breaking down the ‘information silos’ that exist in the climate development community, and to providing concrete solutions that can be implemented right now, anywhere,” said REEEP Director General Martin Hiller. “Together with CTCN we’ve gone a long way toward our goals, and have laid the foundations for a system that can be continuously improved and expanded to bring new sectors, systems and organizations into the climate knowledge community.

Climate Tagger is based on the tried and true reegle Tagging API, first introduced by REEEP in 2011 to help its network better catalogue and connect data, and backed by the expansive Climate Compatible DevelopmentClimate compatible development is development that minimises the harm caused by climate impacts, while maximising the many human development opportunities presented by transitions to a low emissions, resilient future. Charting a path towards climate compatible development will be a major ... Thesaurus, developed by experts in fields ranging from climate mitigationMitigation refers to actions that reduce our contribution to the causes of climate change. This means reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), through energy efficiency and using alternative forms of transport and energy.(UKCIP) and adaptationAdjustments in human and natural systems, in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, that moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. (IPPC) to economy and green growth, and even specific areas such as REDDIt is expected that support for REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) should achieve cost effective emission reductions, as well as biodiversity and livelihoods benefits.+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest DegradationIt is expected that support for REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) should achieve cost effective emission reductions, as well as biodiversity and livelihoods benefits.).

The release of Climate Tagger marks a remarkable step for us in our role as a principal facilitator and promoter of development and transfer of climate technologies,” said Jukka Uosukainen, Director of the CTCN. “Not only will Climate Tagger directly improve the effectiveness of our own knowledge resources, but it will also help our global network to catalogue and connect their data sets together. In the end, it means better collaboration and better outcomes for technology transferThe exchange of knowledge, hardware and associated software, money and goods among stakeholders that leads to the spreading of technology for adaptation or mitigation The term encompasses both diffusion of technologies and technological cooperation across and within countries. (IPCC).

The development process drew on the combined expertise and ingenuity of dozens of subject matter experts from the field, as well as the technical knowledge of the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), which assisted in testing and implementation of the tool. “At the very foundation of sharing knowledge is the need for a common language to categorize information. Climate Tagger is a bridge spanning gaps in language and technology to enable more efficient and accurate sharing of information”, said Jon Weers, who leads NREL’s Open Energy Information platform.

REEEP Director General Martin Hiller and CTCN Director Jukka Uosukainen will be talking about Climate Tagger at the COP20 side event hosted by the Climate Knowledge Brokers Group in Lima, Peru, on Monday, December 1st at 4:45pm.

To find out more about Climate Tagger visit http://www.climatetagger.net

About REEEP
REEEP invests in clean energy markets in developing countries to lower CO2 emissionsCarbon dioxide (CO2) is emitted in several ways. Naturally through the carbon cycle and through human activities like the burning of fossil fuels. These human activities have increased CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere since the beginning of the industrial revolution and these high ... and build prosperity. Building on a strategic portfolio of high impact projects, REEEP works to generate energy accessEnergy access represents a crucial yet often overlooked dimension to the issue of poverty. Relatively small amounts of energy can satisfy the basic needs of rural populations and have a dramatic impact on quality of life. Despite this, approximately 3 billion people , half the worlds population, ..., improve lives and economic opportunities, build sustainable marketsSustainable markets involves sustainable production, design and transport and offers consumers sustainable goods and services. It also involves fair working conditions for all involved in a process., and combat climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ....
REEEP understands market change from a practice, policy and financial perspective. We monitor, evaluate and learn from our portfolio to understand opportunities and barriers to success within markets. These insights then influence policy, increase public and private investment, and inform our portfolio strategy to build scale within and replication across markets.
REEEP is committed to open access to knowledge to support entrepreneurship, innovation and policy improvements to empower market shifts across the developing world.

About the CTCN
The Climate Technology Centre & Network facilitates the transfer of climate technologies by providing technical assistance, improving access to technology knowledge, and fostering collaboration among climate technology stakeholders. The CTCN is the operational arm of the UNFCCC Technology Mechanism and is hosted by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and 11 independent, regional organizations with expertise in climate technologies.

Tags: , , , , , ,

 

ECOWAS_cover_with border

The newly released ECOWAS Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report—produced collaboratively by REN21 and ECREEE—provides a regional perspective on the renewable energyRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. and energy efficiencyUsing less energy/electricity to perform the same function. Programs designed to use electricity more efficiently - doing the same with less. market and industry development in West Africa. Released November 10, 2014, the report concludes that while access to energy services remains severely constrained in the region, renewablesRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. and energy efficiencyUsing less energy/electricity to perform the same function. Programs designed to use electricity more efficiently - doing the same with less. measures contribute to improved access. Moreover, together renewables and energy efficiency are a cost effective solutions for overcoming the diverse array of energy challenges currently facing the ECOWAS region. Here are some of the key findings from the report:

• As of early 2014, installed capacity of gridA grid is a network of transmission lines, usually to distribute electric power .-connected non-hydro renewable energy provided 39MW grid-connected electricityElectricity generation includes all technologies that turn some form of energy into useful electric energy. Electricity is a form of energy that has magnetic, radiant and chemical effects. Electric current is created by a flow of electrons. in the region. While total installed capacity including hydro generated electricity was 4.8GW

• By end of 2014, 13 ECOWAS member states have adopted renewable energy support policies with all member states having at least one policy or one target at the national level, promoting renewable energy technology development.

• Regional new investment in renewable power and fuels from six leading ECOWAS members (Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia and Sierra Leone) was USD 29.7 million in 2013, down significantly from the peak of USD 370 million in 2011.

• As of 2014, FITs have been adopted by Ghana and Nigeria and are currently being developed in the Gambia and Senegal. Cabo Verde became the first and only country within the ECOWAS region to adopt net metering.

• Renewable energy technologies currently account for an estimated 28.8% of the region’s total grid-connected installed capacity

• Guinea-Bissau, Ghana, and Sierra Leone stood out as regional leaders in terms of the renewable contribution to their final consumption—at 30.3%, 22.4%, and 19%, respectively— largely as a result of their use of modern biomassEnergy resources derived from organic matter. These include wood, agricultural waste and other living-cell material that can be burned to produce heat energy. They also include algae, sewage and other organic substances that may be used to make energy through chemical processes.Biomass, a ....

HydropowerHydro power is electrical energy produced through the power of moving water. Power obtained from the (typically gravitational) movement of water. accounted for 16.2% Total electricity installed capacity in Nigeria, 57% in Ghana and also played a relatively significant role in Togo (28.8%), Côte d’Ivoire (28.2%) and Guinea (34.2%). With a region-wide hydropower potential of some 25 GW, only 19% has been exploited as of early 2014

• As of early 2014, population shares using improved biomass cook stoves in ECOWAS were 2.1% in Burkina Faso, 6% in Nigeria, 16% in Senegal, 10% in Sierra Leone and 20% in the Gambia.

Wind energyWind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form, such as electricity, using wind turbines. By 2010, a single wind turbine can produce several MW of electric power. provided 27 MW (25.5MW comes from Cabo Verde’s Cabeolica wind farmA group of wind turbines interconnected to a common power provider system through a system of transformers, distribution lines, and (usually) one substation. Operation, control, and maintenance functions are often centralized through a network of computerized monitoring systems, supplemented by ..., sub-Saharan Africa’s first commercial-scale public private partnership.

• Cabo Verde leads with the installation of In terms of installed grid-connected solar PVPhotovoltaics (PV) is the field of technology and research related to the application of solar cells for energy by converting sunlight directly into electricity. Solar power is sometimes used as a synonym to refer to electricity generated from solar radiation. with 6.4 MW. Ghana has an installed capacity of 1.92MW.

• The region’s use of solar PV technology remains largely limited to distributed and off-grid functions, Senegal leads with installed capacity of 21MW, followed by Nigeria with 20MW and Niger with 4MW.

• As of 2014, 8 member states (Benin, Cabo Verde, The Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) have different energy-efficient lightingExamples of efficient light are LEDs, halogens, CFLs and luminaries. initiatives.

• Benin, Cote d’Ivoire and Nigeria have established domestic programmes for energy efficiency in the building sector.

The ECOWAS Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Status Report, covers recent developments and trends in the energy sector in the ECOWAS. It uses up-to-date renewable energy data, provided by network of contributors from and around West Africa and is targeted at policymakers, industry, investors and civil society to enable them to make informed decisions with regards to the diffusion of renewable energy By design it does not provide any analysis or forecasts.

No tags for this post.

 

minigrid cover

Progress on extending the electricity gridA grid is a network of transmission lines, usually to distribute electric power . in many countries has remained slow because of high costs of gridA grid is a network of transmission lines, usually to distribute electric power .-extension and limited utility/state budgets for electrification. Mini-gridsMini-grids are useful to harness local renewable energy resources near-by consumption. Often a good solution for remote, previously off-grid areas. provide an affordable and cost-effective option to expand crucial electricityElectricity generation includes all technologies that turn some form of energy into useful electric energy. Electricity is a form of energy that has magnetic, radiant and chemical effects. Electric current is created by a flow of electrons. services.

EUEI PDF, REN21 and ARE have teamed up to develop a publication to help policy makers navigate the mini-gridMini-grids are useful to harness local renewable energy resources near-by consumption. Often a good solution for remote, previously off-grid areas. policy design process. The publication specifically focuses on Africa.

Putting in place the right policy for mini-grid deployment requires considerable effort but can yield significant improvements in electricity access rates as examples from Kenya, Senegal and Tanzania illustrate.

Mini-grid Policy Toolkit: Policy and Business Frameworks for Successful Minigrid Roll-outs documents, step-by-step, the basics of rural electrification through the use of mini-gridsA grid is a network of transmission lines, usually to distribute electric power .. The toolkit provides information on mini-grid operator models; the economics of mini-grids; necessary policy and regulations needed for successful implementation.

Mini-grids can be powered with renewable energy sources, diesel or a hybrid of both. “Mini-grid based electrification powered with renewablesRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. will accelerate considerably needed energy accessEnergy access represents a crucial yet often overlooked dimension to the issue of poverty. Relatively small amounts of energy can satisfy the basic needs of rural populations and have a dramatic impact on quality of life. Despite this, approximately 3 billion people , half the worlds population, ...,” says Christine Lins, Executive Secretary of REN21. “The use of renewable energyRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. sources such as the sun, windWind occurs due to different temperature levels in the atmosphere (troposphere) which are heated up by the sun. A typical example are the trade winds at the equator where the sun is most powerful., water or biomassEnergy resources derived from organic matter. These include wood, agricultural waste and other living-cell material that can be burned to produce heat energy. They also include algae, sewage and other organic substances that may be used to make energy through chemical processes.Biomass, a ... provides the added advantage of avoiding fuel security issues associated with price fluctuations and uncertainty over fuel supply.”

You can download the toolkit here.

No tags for this post.

Question mark_edit

I recently attended an interesting workshop on renewable energyRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. and gender.  This was not a workshop to celebrate women, nor an opportunity to pull out the lobbying placards for women’s rights. Rather it was a measured and serious look at how supporting gender equalityWomen and children are particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events are most likely to be affected strongest by all impact of climate change, for example women who traditionally are responsible for fetching water. in the energy decision making process could benefit climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ... activities.  Specifically, the workshop looked at how we (women and men) could use our collective knowledge on development, energy and gender to drive low emissionsEmissions of greenhouse gases, greenhouse gas precursors, and aerosols associated with human activities, including the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, land-use changes, livestock, fertilisation, etc. (IPCC) development planning.

The entry point for discussion was the renewable energy sector. What became clear over the three days’ discussion was that while we “know” that men and women often use energy services differently—and frequently make different types of decisions—there is scarce quantitative data to support these statements.  While numbers by themselves do not tell the whole story, they do support observed trends.  Numbers help track evolution and provide decision makers with the “proof” that a particular policy or measure has worked (or not). But the 10,000 Euro question is “how”?  Is it sufficient to simply add a gender component to any data collection process, e.g. how many men, how women benefited/participated?  How do we track how gender may/can increase the uptake of renewablesRenewable energy is power generated from infinite sources, such as wind or solar power. Conventional energy is generated from finite sources, such as natural gas or fossil oil. and its long-term contribution to low emissionEmissions of greenhouse gases, greenhouse gas precursors, and aerosols associated with human activities, including the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, land-use changes, livestock, fertilisation, etc. (IPCC), clean development?

I don’t have the answers but it would seem to me that we should not get caught up in debating what the best questions to ask are. If we are serious about tracking how gender contributes to low emission and clean development then would it not be better to start the data collection process, however flawed, modifying and improving it as we learn?  This circular data collection process is what underpins REN21’s work.  The evolution of its Global Status Report from an initial 30 pages to its current length of 200+ pages attests to the success of an iterative process.

To quote John Maynard Keynes—a 19th century British economist—“it is better to be approximately right, than precisely wrong.” He has my vote.

No tags for this post.
 

Archives

  • 2014 (28)
  • 2013 (53)
  • 2012 (77)
  • 2011 (109)
  • 2010 (129)
  • 2009 (86)
  • 2008 (49)

Categories

 

Twitter: reeep

Twitter: reegle